Obgyn Là Gì

Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP.. — Written by Kellie Walsh — Updated on May 27, 2016

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An OB-GYN, or obstetrician-gynecologist, is a doctor who specializes in women’s health. The female body experiences many different biological functions, including menstruation, childbirth, and menopause. OB-GYNs provide care for all of this and more. Here’s a look at what they vày and when you should consider seeing one.

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An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB-GYN, has expertise in female reproductive sầu health, pregnancy, & childbirth. Some OB-GYNs offer a wide range of general health services similar to lớn your primary care doctor. Others focus on the medical care of the female reproductive sầu system.

OB-GYNs also provide routine medical services & preventive sầu screenings. This type of doctor has studied obstetrics and gynecology.

The term “OB-GYN” can refer to lớn the doctor, an obstetrician-gynecologist, or lớn the sciences that the doctor specializes in, which are obstetrics và gynecology.

What is obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the branch of medicine related khổng lồ medical and surgical care before, during, & after a woman gives birth. Obstetrics focuses on caring for and maintaining a woman’s overall health during maternity.

This includes:

pregnancylaborchildbirththe postpartum period

OB-GYNs can conduct office visits, persize surgery, & assist with labor và delivery. Some OB-GYNs provide services through a solo or private practice. Others bởi vì so as part of a larger medical group or hospital.

What is gynecology?

Gynecology is the branch of medicine that focuses on women’s bodies và their reproductive sầu health. It includes the diagnosis, treatment, and care of women’s reproductive sầu system.

This includes the:

vaginauterusovariesfallopian tubes

This branch of medicine also includes screening for và treating issues associated with women’s breasts.

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Gynecology is the overarching field of women’s health from puberty through adulthood. It represents most of the reproductive sầu care you’ll receive during your lifetime. If you become pregnant, you’ll need to lớn go khổng lồ an obstetrician.

What are the specialty areas?

Approximately 90 percent of OB-GYNs are generalists. This means they work across a wide range of OB-GYN services. Some choose lớn specialize in one or more different subspecialties. These may include:

Maternal-fetal medicine

These specialists care for patients with high-risk pregnancies & related medical conditions. You might see a maternal-fetal medicine speciamenu if you have:

chronic or gestational high blood pressuregestational diabetesblood-clotting disorderspremature labor

Reproductive endocrinology và infertility

These endocrinologists address issues related to infertility & the glands và hormones of the endocrine system. If you wish khổng lồ become pregnant but are having trouble conceiving, you can go lớn a reproductive sầu endocrinologist. They perkhung assisted reproduction procedures, such as:

in vitro fertilizationgamete intrafallopian transferzygote intrafallopian transferembryo transfer

Gynecolô ghích oncology

These oncologists specialize in diagnosing and treating cancers of the female reproductive system. This includes cancers of the:


Female pelvic medicine and reproductive sầu surgery

These surgeons focus on treating women with urinary tract disorders. They also focus on disorders of the muscle & connective sầu tissue located just beneath a woman’s pelvis. This area is called the pelvic floor.

The pelvic floor may become weak as a result of pregnancy, age, or certain medical conditions. These specialists address:

urinary or fecal incontinencevaginal or urinary tract infectionsoveractive sầu bladderbladder painpelvic organ prolapse

A doctor must first complete their bachelor’s degree and four years of medical school training khổng lồ become an OB-GYN.

After medical school, you must complete four years of graduate-màn chơi education as a resident focusing on obstetrics và gynecology. During this period, doctors learn about reproductive sầu issues & other health-related issues in women. In particular, they learn about:


Doctors complete their residency under the supervision of an attending doctor in a medical setting, such as in a hospital.

You must complete an additional three years of training after you finish your residency khổng lồ specialize in a certain area.

After all required training has been completed, you must pass a specialty board certification exam. The American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology oversees this exam.

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OB-GYNs must take a maintenance exam every six years to lớn uphold their certification.